Tile is a well-known building material that is much in demand due to its durability, resistance towards moisture and low maintenance. More commonly, they are used in bathrooms and kitchens, but they can be used as countertops and backsplashes since they are versatile. Porcelain and Ceramic tiles are the two most commonly used tiles. Each of them has its advantages and drawbacks. Let us have a quick look at some of the distinctions between ceramic and porcelain tiles.
Ceramic tile is made up of sand, water and natural clay. All of these materials are molded in either rectangular or square shape after which they are baked in a kiln for the removal of moisture. On the other hand, porcelain tile is also made up of clay, but a denser type of clay is used in its manufacturing. Also, they are baked at a very high temperature for a longer duration. So, the latter is much denser and harder than the former ones.
Porcelain and ceramic tiles differ in their overall appearances and coverings. The natural terra-cotta finish of ceramic tile is well known while on the other hand porcelain tile is generally grey or white. There are many people who prefer glazing ceramic tile to create different designs and enhance its beauty, porcelain design is left unglazed. White chips on a ceramic tile are clearly visible, but the chips in porcelain tile cannot be noticed as it has the same color all through.
Both the porcelain and the ceramic tiles are used for the same purpose like for covering walls, countertops, celings, backsplashes, showers etc. Whereas ceramic can be used indoors only, porcelain is used both for indoor as well as for outdoor purposes because it can withstand extremely cold temperature. On the contrary, ceramic tile has a high moisture content and hence it is vulnerable to thaw related cracks.
Normally, porcelain is more expensive than ceramic because it lasts longer, it is more durable and can withstand cold climatic conditions. Not only this, it is lesser porous and therefore cannot get stained easily. It is easier to clean and maintain porcelain tiles. On the other hand, ceramic tile gets stained easily and once it is stained you need to replace it.
Porcelain is expected to last much longer than ceramic. Porcelain pavers can withstand high traffic level and are not likely to suffer wear and tear. But, a ceramic tile is susceptible to cracks and chips. It is due to this reason that ceramic is not used for commercial application, whereas porcelain can be used in any medium or light duty commercial project. The demand of porcelain for the installation in residences is also high.
Porcelain is longer lasting and stronger and therefore to install them is a problem. Due to its dense nature, it can not be cut easily. So, if you are thinking of cutting it into special shapes or rounded edges, you should better forget about it. For DIY installers ceramic is indeed a better choice as far as installation of tiles is concerned.